LECCIÓN XLI. VERBOS DEFECTIVOS: YACER, SOLER, PLACER. PREPOSICIONES: DESDE, CONTRA, SOBRE, TRAS. CONJUNCIÓN: PUES

VERBOS

Soler. | To be accustomed to, to do, or be, usually.
Bendecir. | To bless.
Caer. | To fall, to see (understand).
Dormir. | To sleep.
Morir.| To die.
Errar. | To err.
Jugar. | To play.
Oir. | To hear.
Oler. | To smell.
Contradecir.| To contradict.
Poner. | To put.
Podrir. | To rot.
Reir. | To laugh.
Valer.| To be worth.
Yacer. | To lie.
Reposar. | To rest, to repose.
Premiar.| To reward.
Examinar. | To examine.
Click on the verb to see the conjugation of this verb.

EXPLICACIÓN

197. Defective verbs are those which are not employed in all their tenses and persons. Podrir, to rot, placer, to please, and yacer, to lie, belong to this class, and are found used in the following tenses and persons:

PODRIR
Imper. 2d person plural. Podrid. | Rot.
Subjunc. imp. 3d person sing. Podriría. | He would rot.
Infinit. Present. Podrir. | To rot.
Particip. Podrido. | Rotten.

PLACER
Indicat. Pres. 3d person sing. Place. | It pleases.
Imperfect. Placía. | It did please.
Perfect ind. Plugo. | It pleased.
Subjunc. Present. Plegue. | It may please.
Imperfect. | Pluguiera o pluguiese. | It might please.
Future imp. | Pluguiere. | It may please.

These persons of the subjunctive mood in this verb are only used in the following expressions: plegue, o pluguiera, o pluguiese a Dios, would to God; and si me pluguiere, if it should please me.

198. YACER. No part of this verb is used except the third persons of the present indicative, yace and yacen, chiefly at the beginning of epitaphs.

199. SOLER is used only in the present and imperfect of the indicative mood. This verb has the peculiarity of never being employed except as a determining verb, governing the determined verb without the aid of any preposition, and always in the present infinitive; as,
Suelo pasear temprano. | I usually go early to walk.

200. DESDE, from, points out the beginning of time or place; as,
Desde la creación del mundo. | From the creation of the world.
Desde Nueva York a Filadelfia. | From New York to Philadelphia.

For this reason it forms a part of several adverbial expressions which signify time or place; as,
Desde ahora. | From this time.
Desde aquí. | From hence.

201. CONTRA is used in all cases as the English against.

202. SOBRE, upon, above, &c., serves to denote the superiority of things with respect to others, either by their material situation or by their excellence or power; as,
La ciudad está sobre un monte. | The city is on a mountain.
La caridad es sobre todas las virtudes. | Charity is above all virtues.

It has also the signification of además, moreover, or además de, besides; as,
Sobre ser reo convicto quiero que le premien. | Besides being a convicted criminal, he wishes to be rewarded.

It also signifies time; as,
Hablar en la sobremesa. | To talk during dinner.

Security; as,
Prestar sobre prendas. | To lend upon pledge.

203. TRAS, behind, after, &c., signifies the order in which some things follow others; as,
Voy tras tí. | I follow you.
Tras la primavera viene el verano. | After spring comes summer.

It also signifies besides; as,
Tras ser culpado, él es el que levanta el grito. | Besides being guilty, he remonstrates.

204. The conjunction PUES, since, is used to account for a proposition brought forward; as,
Leeré este libro pues usted me dice que es bueno. | I will read this book since you tell me it is good.

VOCABULARIO

Contra. (Prep.) | Against, towards.
Desde. (Prep.) | Since, from.
Sobre. (Prep.) | Abovee, over, about.
Tras. (Prep.) | After, behind, besides.

Pues. (Conj.) | Well, then; therefore, &c.

Helo aquí. | Here he ( or it) is.
Desde ahora. | Henceforward, from now, just now.
Desde aquí. | From here.
En efecto. | Indeed, in effect, in fact, really.

Eterno. | Eternal.
Convicto. | Convicted.
Afortunado. | Fortunate.
Desgraciado. | Unfortunate.

Infortunio. | Misfortune.
Reo. | Criminal.
Grito. | Cry, scream.
Coche. | Car, carriage.
Vicio. | Vice.
Fraile. | Fray, friar.
Diego. | James.
Verbo. | Verb.
Principio. | Beginning, principle.
Carlota. | Charlote.
Creación. | Creation.
Caridad. | Charity.
Prenda. | Pledge, quality, accomplishment.
Virtud. | Virtue.
Tristeza. | Grief, sorrow.
Experiencia. | Experience.
Página. | Page.

REDACCIÓN

– ¿Suele usted levantarse temprano?
Do you usually rise early.

– Suelo levantarme tarde.
I usually rise late

– Solía ir usted a pasear a caballo el año pasado.
Used you to ride on horseback last year?

– No, señor, solía pasear en coche.
No, sir, I used to ride in a carriage.

– Plegue a Dios que tengamos pronto lo que deseamos.
God grant we may soon have what we desire.

– Desde ahora prometo servirle a usted en lo que pueda.
From this moment I promise to serve you as far as I can.

– El hombre ha obrado mal para con Dios y consigo mismo desde la creación del mundo.
Man has acted wrong before God and to himself since the creation of the world.

– Desde Nueva York a Filadelfía hay ochenta y ocho millas.
It is eighty-eight miles from New York to Philadelphia.

– Yo juego contra ti.
I play against you (thee).

– Esta casa está contra el Este.
This house faces the East.

– La ciudad está sobre un monte.
The city is built upon a mountain (or hill).

– La caridad está sobre todas las virtudes.
Charity is before all virtues.

– Voy tras ti.
I go after you (thee).

– Sufre la pena pues lo quieres.
Suffer the consequences (pain), since such is your (thy) will.

– Tras la primavera viene el verano.
After spring comes summer.

– Tras ser culpado, él es el que levanta el grito.
Notwithstanding he is guilty, it is he that raises the cry.

– Leeré este libro pues usted me dice que es bueno.
I will read this book since you tell me it is good.

En las lecciones de este blog se ha seguido la obra de

Alberto de Tornos “The Combined Spanish Method”. D. APPLETON ~ COMPANY (New York) 1869

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