LECCIÓN I. CONJUGACIONES DE LOS VERBOS.

VERBOS

HABLAR. | TO SPEAK.  La terminación en ar es propia de la 1ª CONJUGACIÓN.

PRESENTE

Yo hablo.
Tú hablas.
Él o ella habla.
Nosotros o nosotras hablamos.
Vosotros o vosotras habláis.
Ellos o ellas hablan.

I speak, you speak, he or she speaks, we speak, you speak, they speak.

EXPLICACIÓN

1. REGULAR VERBS — All the verbs of the Spanish language have their endings, in the infinitive mood, either in ar, er, or ir. Hence their classification in three conjugations: 1st, those ending in ar; 2d, those ending in er; and 3d, in ir; as, hablar, aprender, escribir.

2. ROOTS — The letters before the terminations ar, er, ir, in the preceding verbs, are habl, aprend, escrib, and are called the roots.

3. TERMINATIONS — All regular verbs of the first conjugation vary the endings in their respective tenses, so as to correspond with those of the verb hablar; all those of the second conjugation correspond to the terminations of aprender; and all those of the third correspond to escribir.

Consequently, when the student has learned how to conjugate one of the regular verbs of each conjugation, he can conjugate all the regular verbs of the Spanish language (about 8,000). For this reason we recommend the scholars to devote their attention, in the first place, to committing to memory the different moods and tenses of these three model verbs. They will be found complete at the end of the book.

The terminations of the verbs being different for each person, as well in the plural as in the singular number, the nominative pronouns arc ordinarily dispensed with, and are only used to give emphasis; except the pronoun Usted, which must always be expressed.— Usted, meaning You; and, being a title, its omission would be considered impolite.

4. YOU. — In addressing an individual in Spanish, the third person is used with the pronoun Usted; as, Usted habla, you speak; the second person is employed only in speaking to relatives or intimate friends.

VOCABULARIO

Sí (adverb). No (adverb). Señor. | Yes. No, or not. Sir.

En las lecciones de este blog se ha seguido la obra de

Alberto de Tornos “The Combined Spanish Method”. D. APPLETON ~ COMPANY (New York) 1869

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Esta entrada está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 3.0 Unported.

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