The Spanish Alphabet (II)

B has the same sound that in English; but in Spanish they do not press the lips quite so close as the English do, which causes it very frequently to be confounded with the v, although they are distinct letters, and should be pronounced as in English.

C when followed by a, o, u or any consonant, sounds like k; before e and i, it sounds like th in thanks; as, gracias, lección.

D is pronounced like the English d, except when found between two vowels or at the end of words, when it sounds softer than the English d, like th in the article the, but nor like th lisped.

F is always pronounced like the English f, and is now used instead of ph.

G has two distinct sounds: one, before a, o, u or a consonant, is the same sound that in English. Before e and i it has another strong, guttural, aspirated sound, for which the English has not equivalent, and which even a very strongly aspirated h.

H is never pronounced in the Spanish language.

J has always an aspirated guttural sound, like that which the g has before e and i, and is written before the vowels a, o, u.

K is always pronounced like English k.

L, M, N and P have the English sound.

Ñ is always pronounced like ni in the English word pinion.

Q is pronounced like the English k before ue and ui, in which combination alone it is now used.

R when single, is sounded soft, as in English. And when double, or at the beginning of a word, and when it comes after l, n, or s, or in compound words, in which the second begins by r, it is pronounced with a very strong rolling sound.

S is pronounced like the English s in say.

T is pronounced as in English.

V has the sound of the English v.

W has pronounced as in English v.

X has the sound of the x in the English word tax.

Y is a consonant letter, but use makes it serve as a vowel when it stands alone, used as a copulative conjunction (meaning and); it is also used instead of the vowel I, in the combinations ai, ei, ui at the end of a word.

When used in its proper place, that is to say, as a consonant, it has the same sound in Spanish as in the English words young, year.

Z has always the sound of th, as heard in thank, bath.

En las lecciones de este blog se ha seguido la obra de

Alberto de Tornos “The Combined Spanish Method”. D. APPLETON ~ COMPANY (New York) 1869

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